Effects of Japan National Railways' Privatization on labor productivity

Fumitoshi Mizutani, Kiyoshi Nakamura

    研究成果: Article査読

    11 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Japan National Railways went private in 1987, the first of many national railways to do so, and the Japanese experience could provide lessons to other nations. This paper evaluates the effects of Japan National Railways' Privatization on labor productivity and employment in the passenger sectors. The main data was obtained from the Annual Rail Statistics of both the Ministry of Transport and Japan National Railways. Quantitative methods such as labor productivity models were used to evaluate the effects of privatization. Large private railways, which are considered the most efficient railways in Japan, are often compared to privatized Japan Railways. Major findings are as follows: First, Japan Railways still have 20% more employees than large private railways. Second, current productivity differences between Japan Railways and large private railways appear in station and maintenance activities. Third, reduction in employment during the transitional periods of privatization greatly contributed to increases in the productivity of Japan Railways. Fourth, it is not clear whether or not productivity differences among regional Japan Railways have been decreasing since privatization. Finally, the effect of privatization on productivity growth was about 29%. Moreover, even if productivity increases, safety is not compromised, with serious accidents clearly being unrelated to productivity growth.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)177-199
    ページ数23
    ジャーナルPapers in Regional Science
    75
    2
    出版ステータスPublished - 1996 4月

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 環境科学(その他)
    • 地理、計画および開発

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