Eiger: Automated IOC generation for accurate and interpretable endpoint malware detection

Yuma Kurogome, Yuto Otsuki, Yuhei Kawakoya, Makoto Iwamura, Syogo Hayashi, Tatsuya Mori, Koushik Sen

研究成果: Conference contribution

10 被引用数 (Scopus)


A malware signature including behavioral artifacts, namely Indicator of Compromise (IOC) plays an important role in security operations, such as endpoint detection and incident response. While building IOC enables us to detect malware efficiently and perform the incident analysis in a timely manner, it has not been fully-automated yet. To address this issue, there are two lines of promising approaches: regular expression-based signature generation and machine learning. However, each approach has a limitation in accuracy or interpretability, respectively. In this paper, we propose EIGER, a method to generate interpretable, and yet accurate IOCs from given malware traces. The key idea of EIGER is enumerate-then-optimize. That is, we enumerate representations of potential artifacts as candidates of IOCs. Then, we optimize the combination of these candidates to maximize the two essential properties, i.e., accuracy and interpretability, towards the generation of reliable IOCs. Through the experiment using 162K of malware samples collected over the five months, we evaluated the accuracy of EIGER-generated IOCs. We achieved a high True Positive Rate (TPR) of 91.98% and a very low False Positive Rate (FPR) of 0.97%. Interestingly, EIGER achieved FPR of less than 1% even when we use completely different dataset. Furthermore, we evaluated the interpretability of the IOCs generated by EIGER through a user study, in which we recruited 15 of professional security analysts working at a security operation center. The results allow us to conclude that our IOCs are as interpretable as manually-generated ones. These results demonstrate that EIGER is practical and deployable to the real-world security operations.

ホスト出版物のタイトルProceedings - 35th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference, ACSAC 2019
出版社Association for Computing Machinery
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 12月 9
イベント35th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference, ACSAC 2019 - San Juan, United States
継続期間: 2019 12月 92019 12月 13


名前ACM International Conference Proceeding Series


Conference35th Annual Computer Security Applications Conference, ACSAC 2019
国/地域United States
CitySan Juan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • ソフトウェア
  • 人間とコンピュータの相互作用
  • コンピュータ ビジョンおよびパターン認識
  • コンピュータ ネットワークおよび通信


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