This paper proposes an electric vehicle (EV) charge-discharge management framework for the effective utilization of photovoltaic (PV) output through coordination based on information exchange between home energy management system (HEMS) and grid energy management system (GEMS). In our proposed framework, the HEMS determines an EV charge-discharge plan for reducing the residential operation cost and PV curtailment without disturbing EV usage for driving, on the basis of voltage constraint information in the grid provided by the GEMS and forecasted power profiles. Then, the HEMS controls the EV charge-discharge according to the determined plan and real-time monitored data, which is utilized for mitigating the negative effect caused by forecast errors of power profiles. The proposed framework was evaluated on the basis of the Japanese distribution system simulation model. The simulation results show the effectiveness of our proposed framework from the viewpoint of reduction of the residential operation cost and PV curtailment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)