Electrochemistry in ultrahigh vacuum. Intercalation of lithium into the basal plane of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite from a poly(ethylene oxide)/LiClO4 solid polymer electrolyte

Y. Gofer, R. Barbour, Y. Luo, D. A. Tryk, J. Jayne, G. Chottiner, Daniel Alberto Scherson

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The electrochemical insertion of lithium into the basal plane of highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG-(bp)) from a LiClO4/PEO solid polymer electrolyte has been examined in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) using a carefully designed electrochemical cell. On the basis of a comparison of the data obtained with those recorded for the same interfacial system in an inert gas at atmospheric pressure, it has been concluded that the electrochemical behavior observed in UHV is indeed characteristic of the Li/LiClO4(PEO)/(HOPG(bp) system and therefore not affected in any discernible way by the ultralow pressures. Coulometric analysis of cyclic voltammetry experiments showed that the charge associated with lithium intercalation is larger than that observed during subsequent deintercalation, particularly during the first few intercalation-deintercalation cycles. However, the total amount of impurities observed in Auger electron spectra of emersed HOPG(bp) surfaces following lithium intercalation was very low. This last finding is inconsistent with the presence of a film of any significant thickness on the surface, suggesting that the charge imbalance for this interface is due to kinetic hindrances during lithium deintercalation.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)11797-11800
ページ数4
ジャーナルJournal of physical chemistry
99
発行部数31
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 1995 1 1
外部発表Yes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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