Electrophysiological evidence for the typicality effect of human cognitive categorization

Nobuhiko Fujihara*, Yasuhiro Nageishi, Sachiko Koyama, Yoshiaki Nakajima

*この研究の対応する著者

    研究成果: Article査読

    32 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 14 normal subjects during a category verification task. Stimulus words were selected from 17 semantic categories (e.g. 'vegetables'). Half of the words were typical category members (e.g. 'carrot', 'spinach') and the other half were atypical (e.g. 'parsley', 'asparagus'). Subjects were required to judge whether each stimulus belonged to a target category ('vegetables' or 'sports') or a non-target category. For the non-target category, the typicality effect was neither found in ERPs nor in reaction times. For the target category, typical words were responded to more quickly than were atypical words and the ERP amplitudes between a 300-450 ms period were more negative after the atypical words than after the typical words (typicality effect). These results suggested that typical words of the target were more primed by a target category than were the atypical words of the target and thus that a concept is represented by a prototype, the central tendency of all members of the category.

    本文言語English
    ページ(範囲)65-75
    ページ数11
    ジャーナルInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
    29
    1
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 1998 6月 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 行動神経科学

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