Enhancing the spectral gap of networks by node removal

Takamitsu Watanabe*, Naoki Masuda


研究成果: Article査読

37 被引用数 (Scopus)


Dynamics on networks are often characterized by the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the network, which is called the spectral gap. Examples include the threshold coupling strength for synchronization and the relaxation time of a random walk. A large spectral gap is usually associated with high network performance, such as facilitated synchronization and rapid convergence. In this study, we seek to enhance the spectral gap of undirected and unweighted networks by removing nodes because, practically, the removal of nodes often costs less than the addition of nodes, addition of links, and rewiring of links. In particular, we develop a perturbative method to achieve this goal. The proposed method realizes better performance than other heuristic methods on various model and real networks. The spectral gap increases as we remove up to half the nodes in most of these networks.

ジャーナルPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 10月 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 統計物理学および非線形物理学
  • 統計学および確率
  • 凝縮系物理学


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