Estimation of volcanic ashfall deposit and removal works based on ash dispersion simulations

Yosuke Tomii, Tomoya Shibayama, Yuta Nishida, Ryota Nakamura, Non Okumura, Hideaki Yamaguchi, Yosuke Tanokura, Yu Oshima, Natsuko Sugawara, Kota Fujisawa, Takayuki Wakita, Takahito Mikami, Tomoyuki Takabatake, Miguel Esteban*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Volcanic ashfall can cause considerable social impacts to a wide geographical area. Given the challenge to predict volcanic eruptions, it is essential to simulate the dispersion of ash as soon as possible after an event and promptly estimate the distribution of deposits and necessary removal works. In this study, a series of procedures to improve the accuracy of the WRF-FALL3D model for the case of the eruption of Mt. Kusatsu-Shirane in 2018 are proposed, which were verified through field surveys of ash deposits, showing that the accuracy of the model can be improved by selecting a range of column heights and promptly conducting field surveys following an event. Also, a methodology to estimate the amount of work necessary to clear road networks and river channels is proposed, which was applied to a volcanic event similar to that of the Hoei eruption of Mt. Fuji in 1707. The results also emphasize the need to improve the estimation of column heights in the future, which is of paramount importance to ensure the safety and operational continuity of human infrastructure in the vicinity of major active volcanoes.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3377-3399
ページ数23
ジャーナルNatural Hazards
103
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 9 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 水の科学と技術
  • 大気科学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)

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