Evaluation of acids onto the light rare earth elements dissolution from weathered residual rare earth ore activated by mechanochemical treatment by grinding

Tatsuya Kato, Giuseppe Granata, Chiharu Tokoro

研究成果: Article

1 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of acids on light rare earth elements dissolution from weathered residual rare earth ore after mechanochemical reaction by grinding. In the case of sulfuric acid leaching, the maximum of light rare earth elements dissolution was obtained when the initial sulfuric acid concentration was 5.0 mol/dm3 and leaching time was 24 hours. Thus, we performed sulfuric, hydrochloric and nitric acid leaching experiments at the same condition. The obtained results highlighted that the best light rare earth elements dissolution among these acids achieved by hydrochloric acid leaching. On the other hand, equivalent light rare earth elements dissolution except cerium was achieved by nitric acid leaching. From x-ray absorption fine structure analysis, it was revealed that cerium oxide(IV) (CeO2) was produced after nitric acid leaching because of redox reaction between cerium and nitrate ion.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)174-180
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of the Society of Powder Technology, Japan
56
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2019 4 10

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Rare earth elements
Rare earths
Ores
Leaching
Dissolution
Nitric Acid
Acids
Cerium
Nitric acid
Sulfuric acid
Hydrochloric Acid
Hydrochloric acid
Redox reactions
Nitrates
Ions
X rays
Oxides
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Filtration and Separation

これを引用

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