Evaluation of infection risk by coughed air in a medical examination room: Part 1. Measurement of infection risk using tracer gas

Shin Ichi Tanabe*, Takashi Ito, Toshiki Isahaya, Hitomi Tsutsumi, Nobuhiro Hirasuga, Hitomi Takeuchi, Motohiko Iwase, Satoshi Hori, Shoichi Morimoto, Takao Ariga

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Conference article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The objective of this research is to evaluate the infection risk by the aerosol dispersion due to human cough in a medical examination room. The experiments were conducted in a full-scale test room simulated as a medical examination room. Two types of manikins were employed. One was a "Coughing Manikin," which could simulate human cough airflow using carbon dioxide (CO2) as a tracer gas. The other was a "Thermal Manikin," which was used as a medical doctor. The thermoregulation and the breathing operation of this manikin were controlled. Seventeen conditions were examined by varying the manikin positions, airflow patterns using a push-pull ventilation system (PPVS), and other conditions. Fo r the evaluation of the infection risk, both CO2 concentration in Thermal Manikin's breathing area and the capture efficiency of CO2 were used. The capture efficiency was defined as the ratio of the amount of PPVS-collected CO2 within two minutes to the total amount of CO2 that was exchanged by Coughing Manikin. It was concluded that the PPVS influenced the decrease in the infection risk depending on the CO2 concentration and the capture efficiency. Further, it was revealed that the PPVS arrangement is an important concern.

本文言語English
ジャーナルIAQ Conference
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 12月 1
イベントAirborne Infection Control - Ventilation, IAQ, and Energy Conference, IAQ 2010 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
継続期間: 2010 11月 102010 11月 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 建築および建設
  • 環境工学
  • 公衆衛生学、環境および労働衛生

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