Examination of the suspended sediment concentration formulae using full-scale rippled bed and sheet-flow data

Mantripathi Prabath Ravindra Jayaratne, Sritharan Srikanthan, Tomoya Shibayama

    研究成果: Article

    3 引用 (Scopus)

    抄録

    A set of theoretical models is deduced for computing suspended sediment concentration in coastal waters under the influence of suspension on the bottom boundary layer due to turbulent motion over full-scale sand ripples and sheet-flow, following on from the work of Jayaratne and Shibayama [2007]. Dimensional analysis and best-fit technique are the main methods for the formulation of reference concentrations and vertical distribution of diffusion coefficients of the models. Model parameters (e.g. calibration coefficients) are calibrated with the help of full-scale measured data. Time-averaged concentration profiles are derived from the steady diffusion equation. Two distinct suspension layers (i.e., lower and upper) were identified within the suspension over rippled bed, therefore predictive models were given separately for each layer. In the case of sheet-flow regime, predictive models were given for suspension and upper-sheet-flow layers. Published experimental data from 4 different data sources in the SANTOSS database (75 and 80 full-scale experiments for rippled bed and sheet-flow regimes respectively) from 1994 to 2007 [Van der Werf et al., 2009] are better explained by the proposed formulae, however different sets of calibration coefficients were assigned in each data set primarily due to the flow type (regular or irregular flows) and nature of the laboratory experiments (wave flume and wave tunnel).

    元の言語English
    ページ(範囲)451-489
    ページ数39
    ジャーナルCoastal Engineering Journal
    53
    発行部数4
    DOI
    出版物ステータスPublished - 2011 12

    Fingerprint

    Suspended sediments
    Sediment
    Data Flow
    Predictive Model
    Calibration
    Dimensional Analysis
    Ripple
    Wind tunnels
    Coefficient
    Tunnel
    Boundary layers
    Diffusion equation
    Sand
    Theoretical Model
    Diffusion Coefficient
    Experiments
    Experiment
    Irregular
    Boundary Layer
    Vertical

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Modelling and Simulation
    • Ocean Engineering

    これを引用

    Examination of the suspended sediment concentration formulae using full-scale rippled bed and sheet-flow data. / Jayaratne, Mantripathi Prabath Ravindra; Srikanthan, Sritharan; Shibayama, Tomoya.

    :: Coastal Engineering Journal, 巻 53, 番号 4, 12.2011, p. 451-489.

    研究成果: Article

    Jayaratne, Mantripathi Prabath Ravindra ; Srikanthan, Sritharan ; Shibayama, Tomoya. / Examination of the suspended sediment concentration formulae using full-scale rippled bed and sheet-flow data. :: Coastal Engineering Journal. 2011 ; 巻 53, 番号 4. pp. 451-489.
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