I investigated whether muscular contraction evokes cardiorespiratory increases (exercise pressor reflex) in α-chloralose- and chloral hydrate-anesthetized and precollicular, midcollicular, and postcollicular decerebrated rats. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and minute ventilation (V̇E) were recorded before and during 1-min sciatic nerve stimulation, which induced static contraction of the triceps surae muscles, and during 1-min stretch of the calcaneal tendon, which selectively stimulated mechanosensitive receptors in the muscles. Anesthetized rats showed various patterns of MAP response to both stimuli, i.e., biphasic, depressor, pressor, and no response. Sciatic nerve stimulation to muscle in precollicular decerebrated rats always evoked spontaneous running, so the exercise pressor reflex was not determined from these preparations. None of the postcollicular decerebrated rats showed a MAP response or spontaneous running. Midcollicular decerebrated rats consistently showed biphasic blood pressure response to both stimulations. The increases in MAP, HR, and V̇E were related to the tension developed. The static contractions in midcollicular decerebrated rats (381 ± 65 g developed tension) significantly increased MAP, HR, and V̇E from 103 ± 12 to 119 ± 24 mmHg, from 386 ± 30 to 406 ± 83 beats/min, and from 122 ± 7 to 133 ± 25 ml/min, respectively. After paralysis, sciatic nerve stimulation had no effect on MAP, HR, or V̇E. These results indicate that the midcollicular decerebrated rat can be a model for the study of the exercise pressor reflex.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 6月 1|
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