Experimental and numerical study of stratification and solidification/ melting behaviors

Gen Li*, Yoshiaki Oka, Masahiro Furuya


研究成果: Article査読

25 被引用数 (Scopus)


Given the severe accident of a light water reactor (LWR), stratification and solidification/melting are important phenomena in melt corium behavior within the reactor lower head, influencing the decay heat distribution and ablation of penetration tube and vessel wall. Numerical calculation is a necessary and effective approach for mechanistic study of local melt corium behavior. In this study, the improved moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method was applied for investigating the stratification and solidification/melting phenomena. The implicit viscous term calculation technique and stability improvement technique were adopted to enable MPS to simulate the stratification process of materials with high viscosity in phase transition stage. The solid-liquid phase transition model was also coupled with MPS method. The validation experiment was carried out with low-melting-point metal tin and NeoSK-SALT. The layer configurations and temperature profiles obtained from MPS calculation showed good agreement with the experimental results. Meanwhile, the calculation results indicated that the material freezing behavior could affect the layer formation, and the layer configurations also significantly influenced the temperature profiles and heat flux distributions. The present results demonstrated that MPS method has the capacity to understand the local melt behavior in detail that is relevant to stratification and phase transition.

ジャーナルNuclear Engineering and Design
出版ステータスPublished - 2014 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 廃棄物管理と処理
  • 機械工学


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