Experimental Hydro-Mechanical Characterization of Full Load Pressure Surge in Francis Turbines

A. Müller, A. Favrel, C. Landry, K. Yamamoto, F. Avellan

研究成果: Conference article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Full load pressure surge limits the operating range of hydro-electric generating units by causing significant power output swings and by compromising the safety of the plant. It appears during the off-design operation of hydraulic machines, which is increasingly required to regulate the broad integration of volatile renewable energy sources into the existing power network. The underlying causes and governing physical mechanisms of this instability were investigated in the frame of a large European research project and this paper documents the main findings from two experimental campaigns on a reduced scale model of a Francis turbine. The multi-phase flow in the draft tube is characterized by Particle Image Velocimetry, Laser Doppler Velocimetry and high-speed visualizations, along with synchronized measurements of the relevant hydro-mechanical quantities. The final result is a comprehensive overview of how the unsteady draft tube flow and the mechanical torque on the runner shaft behave during one mean period of the pressure oscillation, thus defining the unstable fluid-structure interaction responsible for the power swings. A discussion of the root cause is initiated, based on the state of the art. Finally, the latest results will enable a validation of recent RANS flow simulations used for determining the key parameters of hydro-acoustic stability models.

本文言語English
論文番号012018
ジャーナルJournal of Physics: Conference Series
813
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2017 4月 4
外部発表はい
イベントHYdropower Plants PERformance and FlexiBle Operation Towards Lean Integration of New Renewable Energies Symposium, HYPERBOLE 2017 - Porto, Portugal
継続期間: 2017 2月 22017 2月 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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