As widely known, some industrial processes produce a large amount of waste heat while others require a large amount of steam to heat the process flow. The main difference involves the temperature level of these heat quantities. Absorption heat transformers play a strategic role in waste heat recovery and heat supply to manufacturing processes due to their ability to utilize heat at a certain temperature level and release the enthalpy of mixing of the refrigerant at a different temperature level with a negligible amount of mechanical work input. However, given the lack of examples that find application as operative plants, the feasibility of the technology is questioned in academic and technical domains. In this study, the operability of a double-lift absorption heat transformer that generates pressurized steam at 170 °C is studied across a full range of operative conditions. The results demonstrate and clarify the manner in which the system can operate steadily and efficiently when driven by hot water temperature at approximately 80 °C while safely generating steam at a temperature exceeding 170 °C. The conditions yielding maximum system efficiency and capacity are identified, and the obtained experimental results are used to define an optimal control strategy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology