A 30-m-long 275-kV 3-kA high-temperature superconducting (HTS) cable had been developed in a national project of the Materials and Power Applications of Coated Conductors project in Japan. The design of the cable was based on the design values obtained from ac loss properties, thermal behavior under short-circuit tests, and electrical properties, such as partial discharge properties, impulse withstand properties, and dielectric properties. Through the development, the material of the cable insulation was determined and designed on the basis of its design stresses and test conditions based on the IEC, JEC (Japan electrical standards), and other HTS demonstrations. This cable was also designed to withstand a short-circuit test of 63 kA for 0.6 s and to have low losses of 0.8 W/m at 3 kA, 275 kV, including ac loss and dielectric loss. Based on these designs, a 50-m cable was manufactured and tested. The short samples obtained from 50 m were confirmed to have the designed characteristics. Furukawa Electric constructed a demonstration system of a 30-m cable with two terminations and a cable joint. The demonstration had started since November 2012 at Shenyang in China. In this demonstration, a 30-day long-term test was conducted and monitored at a current of 3 kA and at a test voltage selected to verify a 30-year operational lifetime. Removal tests revealed the superior reliability of the 275-kV HTS cable system.
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