Explaining Mass Support for Agricultural Protectionism: Evidence from a Survey Experiment During the Global Recession

Megumi Naoi, Ikuo Kume

研究成果: Article査読

48 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Why are citizens in advanced industrialized countries willing to accept high prices for agricultural products? Conventional wisdom suggests that agricultural interests secure government protection because producers are concentrated and better politically organized than diffused consumers. Due to its focus on producer capacity for collective action, however, the literature fails to account for the high levels of mass support for agricultural protectionism in advanced industrialized nations. This article presents new evidence from a survey experiment in Japan conducted during the recent global recession (December 2008) that accounts for this puzzle. Using randomly assigned visual stimuli, the experiment activates respondents' identification with either producer or consumer interests and proceeds to ask attitudinal questions regarding food imports. The results suggest that consumer priming has no reductive or additive effects on the respondents' support for liberalizing food imports. Surprisingly, producer priming increases respondents' opposition to food import, particularly among those who fear future job insecurity. We further disentangle the puzzling finding that consumers think like producers on the issue of food import along two mechanisms: “sympathy” for farmers and “projection” of their own job insecurity. The results lend strong support to the projection hypothesis.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)771-795
ページ数25
ジャーナルInternational Organization
65
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会学および政治科学
  • 政治学と国際関係論
  • 組織的行動および人的資源管理
  • 法学

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