We propose a modified Hidden Markov Model (HMM) with a view to improve gesture recognition using a moving camera. The conventional HMM is formulated so as to deal with only one feature candidate per frame. However, for a mobile robot, the background and the lighting conditions are always changing, and the feature extraction problem becomes difficult. It is almost impossible to extract a reliable feature vector under such conditions. In this paper, we define a new gesture recognition framework in which multiple candidates of feature vectors are generated with confidence measures and the HMM is extended to deal with these multiple feature vectors. Experimental results comparing the proposed system with feature vectors based on DCT and the method of selecting only one candidate feature point verifies the effectiveness of the proposed technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Artificial Intelligence