Sheet-shaped carriers, having both obverse and reverse surfaces and thus a large contact area for targeting a site, have several advantages over spherical-shaped carriers, which have an extremely small contact area for targeting sites. Here, we proposed a novel method to prepare a free-standing ultrathin and biocompatible nano-sheet having heterosurfaces, by a combination of four processes: (1) specific adsorption of recombinant human serum albumin (rHSA) molecules onto a patterned octa-decyltrimethoxysilane self-assembled monolayer region (ODS-SAM), (2) preparation of nanosheets of rHSA molecules bearing thiol groups (SH-rHSA) via two-dimensionally disulfide crosslinking, (3) surface modification of the resulting nanosheet, and (4) preparation of the free-standing nanosheet by detachment from the ODS-SAM. The SH-rHSA molecules at pH 5.0 and a concentration of 1 μg/mL were specifically adsorbed on the patterned ODS-SAM regions by hydrophobic interaction, and were two-dimensionally crosslinked in the presence of copper ion as an oxidant. The rHSA-nanosheets were then simply detached from the ODS-SAM by treatment with surfactant. We succeeded in the preparation of rectangular (10 μm × 30 μm) and ultrathin (4.5 ± 1.0 nm) rHSA-nanosheets on a patterned ODS-SAM, and could also obtain free-standing rHSA-nanosheets having heterosurfaces by surface modification with fluorescent latex beads. Thus, the rHSA-nanosheets having heterosurfaces could be regarded as a new biomaterial for drug carriers, hemostatic reagents, wound dressing for burn injury, and so forth.
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