In this paper, we present a method of fabricating a rigid antibody-immobilized surface using electric activation of a glutaraldehyde (GA)-modified aminopropylsilyl surface for stable antibody-modified field effect transistors (FETs). Electric activation of the GA-modified gate surface of the FET reduces Schiff bases, which are easily hydrolyzed and collapsed, formed between GA and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, resulting in preventing the immobilized antibodies from desorbing from the surface. The lack of Raman peaks that could be assigned to a Schiff base after the electrical activation of the GA-modified surface indicated that the electric activation had reduced the Schiff base. The use of the antibody-modified FETs has three advantages for the detection of antigens: increased sensitivity, distinct recognition ability, and improved reproducibility. A tumor marker, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), was quantitatively detected up to a concentration of 10. ng/mL using the antibody-modified FET. The detection ability of the FET accomplished a cutoff value of hepatic cancer. The quantitative detection of AFP in a solution with contaminating proteins was also demonstrated. This electric activation method is applicable to other antibody-modified FETs.
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