Factors affecting stress placement for English nonwords include syllabic structure, lexical class, and stress patterns of phonologically similar words

Susan G. Guion*, J. J. Clark, Tetsuo Harada, Ratree P. Wayland

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

39 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Seventeen native English speakers participated in an investigation of language users' knowledge of English main stress patterns. First, they produced 40 two-syllable nonwords of varying syllabic structure as nouns and verbs. Second, they indicated their preference for first or second syllable stress of the same words in a perception task. Finally, they indicated words they considered to be phonologically similar to the nonwords. Analyses of variance on the production and perception data indicated that both syllabic structure and lexical class (noun or verb) had an effect on main stress assignment. In logistic regression analyses on the production and perception responses, predictions of stress placement made by (1) syllable structure, (2) lexical class, and (3) stress patterns of phonologically similar words all contributed significantly and uniquely to the prediction of main stress assignment. The results indicate that phonological theories of English word stress need to allow for multiple, competing, probabilistic factors in accounts of main stress placement including syllabic structure (most notably vowel length), lexical class, and stress patterns of phonologically similar words.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)403-427
ページ数25
ジャーナルLanguage and Speech
46
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2003
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 言語および言語学
  • 社会学および政治科学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 言語聴覚療法

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