[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the performance of home-based exercises by older people requiring support or care. [Subjects] A total of 86 day-care service clients participated in this study. They were categorized into an exercise group of 59 persons, and a non-exercise group of 27 persons. [Method] A semi-structured interview was conducted about the reasons why they performed the home-based exercise or did not. The data were analyzed using the KJ method. [Result] In main diseases the exercise group differend significantly. The factors affecting the condition of the exercise indicated 4 categories and 8 subcategories in both promotional and barrier factors. [Conclusion] The results suggest the possibility that an effective home-based exercise method can be developed for these older people.
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