In order to adapt to the dynamics in the future optical networks, we propose and experimentally demonstrate two flexible high-order quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) transmitter schemes: (a) a flexible transmitter using a tandem in-phase/quadrature modulators for generating 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM signals; and (b) a scheme based on monolithically integrated quad-Mach–Zehnder in-phase/quadrature with binary driving electronics for synthesizing minimum phase-shift keying (MSK), quadrature phase-shift-keying (QPSK), 8-ary phase-shift keying (8PSK), and 16QAM. These schemes provide different approaches to configure a flexible high-order QAM transmitter, either using cascaded off-the-shelf modulators or via highly integrated monolithic modulator. These flexible and reconfigurable transmitter schemes exhibit different characteristics in terms of system performance, which provides the network operators different flexible transmitter solutions suitable for different application scenarios in elastic optical networks.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Hardware and Architecture
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics