In order to perform a fundamental study of platelet substitutes, novel particles that bound to activated platelets were prepared using two oligopeptides conjugated to latex beads. The oligopeptides were CHHLGGAKQAGDV (H12), which is a fibrinogen γ-chain carboxy-terminal sequence (γ 400-411), and CGGRGDF (RGD), which contains a fibrinogen α-chain sequence (α 95-98 RGDF). Both peptides contained an additional amino-terminal cysteine to enable conjugation. Human serum albumin was adsorbed onto the surface of latex beads (average diameter 1μm) and pyridyldisulfide groups were chemically introduced into the adsorbed protein. H12 or RGD peptides were then chemically linked to the modified surface protein via disulfide linkages. H12- or RGD-conjugated latex beads prepared in this way enhanced the in vitro thrombus formation of activated platelets on collagen-immobilized plates under flowing thrombocytopenic-imitation blood. Based on the result of flow cytometric analyses of agglutination, PAC-1 binding, antiP-selectin antibody binding, and annexin V binding, the H12-conjugated latex beads showed minimal interaction with non-activated platelets. These results indicate the excellent potential of H12-conjugated particles as a candidate for a platelet substitute.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 12 19|
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