The two kinds of red cell substitutes, hemoglobin-vesicles (HbV) and lipidheme-vesicles (LihV, totally synthetic oxygen carrier), were evaluated in terms of physicochemical properties such as binding and dissociating reactions of ligands (CO, O2 and NO), rheological and structural properties. Carbonylation of Hb during the purification of Hb and the preparation of HbV is effective to prevent Hb denaturation. The rates of oxygenation of both HbV and LihV are faster than that of red blood cells (RBC). Their oxygen affinities (P50, HbV, 32 mmHg; LihV, 43 mmHg, cf. RBC, 28 mmHg) can be controlled to transport a sufficient amount of oxygen comparable with that of RBC. The smaller sizes of vesicles are advantageous for prompt ligand reaction and low viscosity. Both HbV and RBC show about 110 times less vasoconstrictive effects than stripped Hb. HbV shows only one sixth of the slow binding rate of NO (=endothelial derived relaxation factor) in comparison with stripped Hb. Inhibition of vasoconstriction by those vesicles is discussed from the kinetic data.
|ジャーナル||Polymers for Advanced Technologies|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1996 8月|
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