Genetic analysis of single-cells is widely recognized as a powerful tool for understanding cellular heterogeneity and obtaining genetic information from rare populations. Recently, many kinds of single-cell isolation systems have been developed to facilitate single-cell genetic analysis. However, these systems mainly target non-adherent cells or cells in a cell suspension. Thus, it is still challenging to isolate single-adherent cells of interest from a culture dish using a microscope. We had previously developed a single-cell isolation technique termed "gel-based cell manipulation" (GCM). In GCM, single-cells could be visualized by photopolymerizable-hydrogel encapsulation that made it easier to isolate the single-cells. In this study, GCM-based isolation of single-adherent cancer cells from a culture dish was demonstrated. Single-adherent cells were encapsulated in a photopolymerizable hydrogel using a microscope and isolated with high efficiency. Furthermore, whole genome amplification and sequencing for the isolated single-adherent cell could be achieved. We propose that the GCM-based approach demonstrated in this study has the potential for efficient analysis of single-adherent cells at the genetic level.
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