Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control

Shinji Yamagata, Yusuke Takahashi, Nobuhiko Kijima, Hiroko Maekawa, Yutaka Ono, Juko Ando

研究成果: Article

38 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

We examined whether effortful control (EC), a temperament proposed by Rothbart and Bates (1998), has genetically coherent structure. A self-report measure of EC was administered to 450 Japanese twins (151 males and 299 females, ages 17 to 32 years) including 152 monozygotic and 73 dizygotic pairs. Univariate genetic analysis revealed that AE model fit best for the total EC as well as its subscales. The heritability estimate for total EC was 49%, and the estimates for subscales ranged between 32% and 45%. Multivariate genetic analysis revealed that the subscales of EC were genetically correlated to a high degree and environmentally correlated to a moderate degree. These results suggest that EC has substantial genetic basis and genetically coherent structure, supporting the validity of the construct. The implications to molecular genetic study and study of psychopathology were discussed.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)300-306
ページ数7
ジャーナルTwin Research and Human Genetics
8
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2005 8
外部発表Yes

Fingerprint

Temperament
Psychopathology
Self Report
Molecular Biology
Multivariate Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

これを引用

Yamagata, S., Takahashi, Y., Kijima, N., Maekawa, H., Ono, Y., & Ando, J. (2005). Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 8(4), 300-306. https://doi.org/10.1375/1832427054936790

Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control. / Yamagata, Shinji; Takahashi, Yusuke; Kijima, Nobuhiko; Maekawa, Hiroko; Ono, Yutaka; Ando, Juko.

:: Twin Research and Human Genetics, 巻 8, 番号 4, 08.2005, p. 300-306.

研究成果: Article

Yamagata, S, Takahashi, Y, Kijima, N, Maekawa, H, Ono, Y & Ando, J 2005, 'Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control', Twin Research and Human Genetics, 巻. 8, 番号 4, pp. 300-306. https://doi.org/10.1375/1832427054936790
Yamagata S, Takahashi Y, Kijima N, Maekawa H, Ono Y, Ando J. Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control. Twin Research and Human Genetics. 2005 8;8(4):300-306. https://doi.org/10.1375/1832427054936790
Yamagata, Shinji ; Takahashi, Yusuke ; Kijima, Nobuhiko ; Maekawa, Hiroko ; Ono, Yutaka ; Ando, Juko. / Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control. :: Twin Research and Human Genetics. 2005 ; 巻 8, 番号 4. pp. 300-306.
@article{f46a560b45e74852b88d464f6c0596ba,
title = "Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control",
abstract = "We examined whether effortful control (EC), a temperament proposed by Rothbart and Bates (1998), has genetically coherent structure. A self-report measure of EC was administered to 450 Japanese twins (151 males and 299 females, ages 17 to 32 years) including 152 monozygotic and 73 dizygotic pairs. Univariate genetic analysis revealed that AE model fit best for the total EC as well as its subscales. The heritability estimate for total EC was 49{\%}, and the estimates for subscales ranged between 32{\%} and 45{\%}. Multivariate genetic analysis revealed that the subscales of EC were genetically correlated to a high degree and environmentally correlated to a moderate degree. These results suggest that EC has substantial genetic basis and genetically coherent structure, supporting the validity of the construct. The implications to molecular genetic study and study of psychopathology were discussed.",
author = "Shinji Yamagata and Yusuke Takahashi and Nobuhiko Kijima and Hiroko Maekawa and Yutaka Ono and Juko Ando",
year = "2005",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1375/1832427054936790",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "300--306",
journal = "Twin Research and Human Genetics",
issn = "1832-4274",
publisher = "Australian Academic Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic and environmental etiology of effortful control

AU - Yamagata, Shinji

AU - Takahashi, Yusuke

AU - Kijima, Nobuhiko

AU - Maekawa, Hiroko

AU - Ono, Yutaka

AU - Ando, Juko

PY - 2005/8

Y1 - 2005/8

N2 - We examined whether effortful control (EC), a temperament proposed by Rothbart and Bates (1998), has genetically coherent structure. A self-report measure of EC was administered to 450 Japanese twins (151 males and 299 females, ages 17 to 32 years) including 152 monozygotic and 73 dizygotic pairs. Univariate genetic analysis revealed that AE model fit best for the total EC as well as its subscales. The heritability estimate for total EC was 49%, and the estimates for subscales ranged between 32% and 45%. Multivariate genetic analysis revealed that the subscales of EC were genetically correlated to a high degree and environmentally correlated to a moderate degree. These results suggest that EC has substantial genetic basis and genetically coherent structure, supporting the validity of the construct. The implications to molecular genetic study and study of psychopathology were discussed.

AB - We examined whether effortful control (EC), a temperament proposed by Rothbart and Bates (1998), has genetically coherent structure. A self-report measure of EC was administered to 450 Japanese twins (151 males and 299 females, ages 17 to 32 years) including 152 monozygotic and 73 dizygotic pairs. Univariate genetic analysis revealed that AE model fit best for the total EC as well as its subscales. The heritability estimate for total EC was 49%, and the estimates for subscales ranged between 32% and 45%. Multivariate genetic analysis revealed that the subscales of EC were genetically correlated to a high degree and environmentally correlated to a moderate degree. These results suggest that EC has substantial genetic basis and genetically coherent structure, supporting the validity of the construct. The implications to molecular genetic study and study of psychopathology were discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23844497798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23844497798&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1375/1832427054936790

DO - 10.1375/1832427054936790

M3 - Article

C2 - 16176712

AN - SCOPUS:23844497798

VL - 8

SP - 300

EP - 306

JO - Twin Research and Human Genetics

JF - Twin Research and Human Genetics

SN - 1832-4274

IS - 4

ER -