Due to the spread of VR(Virtual Reality)/AR(Augmented Reality) applications, gesture input method will be required. In this research, a gesture recognition system is suggested using the optical muscle deformation sensors. Our gesture recognition system adapts machine learning with 8 channel optical muscle deformation sensors on the forearm which doesn’t disturb the movement of the hand. In our experiment, significant differences were found in t-test. It was found that SVM can recognize gesture with higher accuracy more than Logistic Regression. In addition, we conducted an experiment to distinguish the state of bending each finger joint. As a result, it was found that the open hand gesture is erroneously recognized as PIP bent gesture.