GPS accuracy improvement by satellite selection using omnidirectional infrared camera

Jun Ichi Meguro, Taishi Murata, Jun Ichi Takiguchi, Yoshiharu Amano, Takumi Hashizume

研究成果: Conference contribution

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper describes a precision positioning technique that can be applied to vehicles in urban areas. The proposed technique mitigates GPS multipath by means of an omnidirectional infrared (IR) camera that can eliminate the need for invisible satellites (a satellite detected by the receiver but without LOS (Line Of Sight)) by using IR images. Some simple GPS multipath mitigation techniques such as installation of antennas away from buildings and using choke ring antennas are well known. Further, various correlator techniques can also be employed. However, when a direct signal cannot be received by the antenna, these techniques do not provide satisfactory results because they presume that the antenna chiefly receives direct signals. On the other hand, the proposed technique can mitigate GPS multipath even if a direct signal cannot be received because it can recognize the surrounding environment by means of an omnidirectional IR camera. With the IR camera, the sky appears distinctively dark; this facilitates the detection of the borderline between the sky and the surrounding buildings, which are captured in white, due to the difference in the atmospheric transmittance rate between visible light and the IR rays. Positioning is performed only with visible satellites having less multipath errors, and without using invisible satellites. With the proposed system, static and kinematic evaluations in which invisible satellites are discriminated through observation using an omnidirectional IR camera are conducted. Hence, signals are received even if satellites are hidden behind buildings; furthermore, exclusion of satellites having large errors from the positioning computation becomes possible. The evaluation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed technique and the feasibility of highly accurate positioning.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトル2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS
ページ1804-1810
ページ数7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 12 1
イベント2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS - Nice, France
継続期間: 2008 9 222008 9 26

出版物シリーズ

名前2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS

Conference

Conference2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS
CountryFrance
CityNice
Period08/9/2208/9/26

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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