Hands and knowledge: Gesture as an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy

Hiromichi Hosoma*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Conference contribution

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Conversation analyses have revealed that information imbalances between speakers and hearers are represented in their speech and drive the epistemic engine to equalize the imbalances. Considering multi-modal communication, however, information can also be conveyed by body movements and reveal the unspoken imbalances in detail. Group reminiscence therapy is used to treat elderly people who are developing dementia, but it is a conversation process in which the epistemic engine involves cultural differences among the participants. In the present study, detailed analyses of conversation during therapy showed that speakers can use gestures to show their epistemic status and the information imbalance between the participants; hearers can imitate the speaker's gestures to show their understanding in the conversational sequence; unspoken epistemic differences can be revealed by the difference between the gestures of the speaker and hearer; and other participants can observe the difference visually and update a gesture to point out the unspoken difference. I discuss the multi-modal structure of an epistemic engine in reminiscence therapy and its implications for the care given to dementia patients.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルNew Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence - JSAI-isAI 2012 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, MiMI, Revised Selected Papers
ページ233-241
ページ数9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013
外部発表はい
イベント4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012 - Miyazaki, Japan
継続期間: 2012 11 302012 12 1

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
7856 LNAI
ISSN(印刷版)0302-9743
ISSN(電子版)1611-3349

Conference

Conference4th JSAI International Symposia on Artificial Intelligence, JSAI-isAI 2012
国/地域Japan
CityMiyazaki
Period12/11/3012/12/1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 理論的コンピュータサイエンス
  • コンピュータ サイエンス(全般)

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