An efficient method for rare metal recovery from environmental water and urban mines is in high demand. Toward rapid and high-resolution rare metal ion separation, a novel bis(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (HDEHP)-impregnated graft-type particle as a filler for a chromatography column is proposed. To achieve rapid and high-resolution separation, a convection-flow-aided elution mode is required. The combination of 35 μm non-porous particles and a polymer-brush-rich particle structure minimizes the distance from metal ion binding sites to the convection flow in the column, resulting in minimized diffusional mass transfer resistance and the convection-flow-aided elution mode. The HDEHP-impregnated graft-type non-porous-particle-packed cartridge developed in this study exhibited a higher separation performance for model rare metals, neodymium (III) and dysprosium (III) ions, and a narrower peak at a higher linear velocity, than those of previous HDEHP-impregnated fiber-packed and commercially available Lewatit® VP OC 1026-packed cartridges.
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