A linear-cell-based radio-over-fiber (LC-RoF) system is proposed and demonstrated for efficient mobile communication in high-speed trains without hard handover processes. The configuration of the LC-RoF network and possible router architectures are discussed for the field trial test of the proposed system and for advanced systems in the future. Via the LC-RoF network, 90-GHz, millimeter-wave radio access between the ground and a train car is operated in a centralized manner. The resulting throughput of 1.5 Gbit/s is achieved in the field trial test, which is comprised of 250-Mbaud four-subcarrier differential quadrature phase-shift keying with a forward-error correction code implemented in field-programmable gate arrays to the Shinkansen train traveling at 240 km/h without any interruptions in the connections at the change of radio access units.
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