Highly directional emission in stadium-cavity lasers

Susumu Shinohara, Takahisa Harayama, Hakan E. Türeci, Douglas A. Stone

研究成果: Conference contribution

抄録

In two-dimensional microcavity lasers, as a way to extract highly directional emission, it has been proposed to deform the cavity shape smoothly from perfect circularity [1]. As a result, rays start to exhibit a variety of dynamics from integrable to strongly chaotic, which is tunable by the deformation. The ray picture has been providing a simple and intuitive method to explain experimental observations of emission directionality. For example, emission directionality has been associated with the existence of a periodic ray orbit with a particular geometry [2], drastic shape dependence of emission directionality has been successfully explained by the difference of phase space structure [3], and the far-field intensity patterns have been closely reproduced by ray-tracing simulations [4]. Among various cavity shapes the stadium is a simple geometry for which ray dynamics has been proven to become strongly chaotic [5]. That is, for almost all initial conditions, a ray trajectory explores the entire phase space uniformly. Even for such a strongly chaotic cavity, a ray model can generate highly directional emission patterns as a consequence of the openness of the cavity. Namely, strongly chaotic dynamics and highly directional emission are compatible, as was demonstrated by Schwefel, et al. [3] In this presentation, we report evidence for the ability of a ray model to describe the lasing states of the stadium-cavity lasers. Earlier work has focused on establishing a relationship between the ray model and a few quasi-bound state solutions of the linear wave equation without pumping or gain. In this case, however, there remains an intrinsic arbitrariness about which modes to choose, although plausibility argument can be made based on their Q values. Here we show that the solution of the full nonlinear lasing equations [6] for a stadium cavity, uniquely determined by the pumping conditions, exhibits highly directional emission pattern in good agreement with the ray model. Moreover, we reveal the property of cold-cavity modes that allows the robust appearance of the emission directionality in the lasing states.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトル2006 International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2006
ページ数1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2006 12 1
外部発表はい
イベント2006 International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2006 - Nottingham, United Kingdom
継続期間: 2006 6 182006 6 22

出版物シリーズ

名前2006 International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks
4

Conference

Conference2006 International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2006
国/地域United Kingdom
CityNottingham
Period06/6/1806/6/22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子工学および電気工学
  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 原子分子物理学および光学

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