A fluoroimmunoassay method using magnetic particles for the highly sensitive detection of allergen was developed. Fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-conjugated IgE antibody was immobilized on bacterial magnetic particles using a heterobifunctional reagent, N-succinimidyl 3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionate. The decrease in fluorescence intensity on aggregation of FITC-labelled bacterial magnetic conjugated was determined by spectrofluorimetry. The relative flourescence intensity decreased with increasing allergen concentration. A linear relationship was obtained between the relative flourescence intensity and allergen in the range of 0.5-100 pg ml0-1.
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