Estradiol 17-β is known to induce hepatic synthesis and secretion of vitellogenin in all species studied and in Rana esculenta, previous experiments demonstrated the involvement of pituitary in these processes; indeed, in addition to estradiol 17-β, homologous pituitary homogenate directly stimulated male and female liver to produce vitellogenin in tissue cultures. Therefore, the effect of ovine growth hormone (o-GH) and Rana catesbeiana growth hormone (f-GH) on hepatic vitellogenin synthesis was investigated. In the present in vitro experiments, both o-GH and f-GH positively stimulated vitellogenin synthesis, in female and male liver, in a dose-related fashion. No significant differences were found in VTG levels induced by o-GH and f-GH. The GH stimulatory effects, found during the different phases of the reproductive cycle, displayed different trends related to season and sex.
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