How communicative learning situations influence students' use of diagrams: Focusing on spontaneous diagram construction and protocols during explanation

Yuri Uesaka, Emmanuel Manalo

研究成果: Conference contribution

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Although diagrams have been shown to be effective tools for promoting understanding and successful problem solving, students' poor diagram use has been identified as a serious issue in educational practice-related reports. To enhance students' diagram construction skills and to address problems in diagram use, creating learning situations that make it inevitable for students to use diagrams would likely be helpful. To realize this, communicative learning situations can be considered a viable option, as students would feel a greater necessity to use diagrams as a consequence of feedback they receive while explaining. Thus, this study examined the hypothesis that an interactive peer instructional learning situation would better promote students' spontaneous diagram use compared to a non-interactive situation. Eighty-eight university students were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: interactive and non-interactive. After reading a passage relating to the science and engineering area, participants in the interactive condition were requested to explain the content of the passage to another participant next to them. In contrast, participants in the non-interactive condition were asked to record an explanation using an IC recorder by imagining that they were explaining to another person. A sheet of paper was provided to participants during the explanation, and diagram use on the paper was analyzed. The results revealed that students' diagram use in the interactive condition was higher than in the non-interactive condition. This indicates that teachers' provision of interactive communication situations can effectively promote students' likelihood of using diagrams spontaneously.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
出版社Springer Verlag
ページ93-107
ページ数15
8578 LNAI
ISBN(印刷版)9783662440421
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2014
イベント8th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams, Diagrams 2014 - Melbourne, VIC
継続期間: 2014 7 282014 8 1

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
8578 LNAI
ISSN(印刷版)03029743
ISSN(電子版)16113349

Other

Other8th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Diagrams, Diagrams 2014
CityMelbourne, VIC
Period14/7/2814/8/1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

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