How well can an amoeba climb?

Yoshio Fukui, Taro Q.P. Uyeda, Chikako Kitayama, Shinya Inoué

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

We report here our efforts to measure the crawling force generated by cells undergoing amoeboid locomotion. In a centrifuge microscope, acceleration was increased until amoebae of Dictyostelium discoideum were "stalled" or no longer able to "climb up." The "apparent weight" of the amoebae at stalling rpm in myosin mutants depended on the presence of myosin II (but not myosins IA and IB) and paralleled the cortical strength of the cells. Surprisingly, however, the cell stalled not only In low-density media as expected but also in media with densities greater than the cell density where the buoyant force should push the amoeba upward. We find that the leading pseudopod Is bent under centrifugal force in all stalled amoebae, suggesting that this pseudopod is very dense Indeed. This finding also suggests that directional cell locomotion against resistive forces requires a turgid forward-pointing pseudopod, most likely sustained by cortical actomyosin II.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルCollected Works of Shinya Inoue
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルMicroscopes, Living Cells, and Dynamic Molecules
出版社World Scientific Publishing Co.
ページ819-824
ページ数6
ISBN(電子版)9789812790866
ISBN(印刷版)9812703888, 9789812703880
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 1 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)

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