The hydrolysis and condensation processes of titanium iso-propoxide modified with catechol (C6H4(OH)2; H 2cat) have been investigated by 1H, 13C and 17O nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The hydrolysis reactions of the modified titanium isoo-propoxide in the system with Ti:tetrahydrofuran (THF):H2O = 1:20:x (x =1,2 and 5 in a molar ratio) are essentially completed in the initial stage (<1 h), and the condensation reactions also proceed significantly during this stage. Upon hydrolysis with H2O/Ti = 1, the iso-propoxy groups are selectively hydrolyzed and the catecholate groups remain bound to titanium. With H2O/Ti = 2 and 5, both the iso-propoxy and catecholate groups are hydrolyzed, and the hydrolysis of the iso-propoxy groups is relatively preferential. Approximately half the catecholate groups are stably bound to titanium, even after hydrolysis with H2O/Ti = 5.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2004 5 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry