A glass slide and micro-well array chip on which anti-Cryptosporidium parvum antibody was immobilized were used for the rapid capture and detection of C. parvum. Biotinylated anti-C. parvum antibodies were spotted onto the streptavidin-coated glass slides. C. parvum oocysts were captured specifically on the spot when more than 73 ng of anti-C. parvum antibody was applied onto the glass slide. However, C. parvum oocysts captured on the glass slide were detached by repeating washing steps. To improve the capture efficiency of oocysts, capture was performed in a micro-well format consisting of 1024 wells/2.5 mm2 (32 × 32 wells) fabricated as a chip by photolithography. Instead of a flat surface on a glass slide, each well was 30 μm in diameter and 10 μm in depth. Streptavidin was also immobilized onto the micro-well array. The biotinylated anti-C. parvum antibodies were immobilized efficiently onto the chip using a buffer containing 20% methanol. Using this technique C. parvum oocysts were stably captured onto the chip after repeated washing procedures. These data show that the newly designed micro-well array technique described here is useful for antibody-mediated C. parvum capture.
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