Although significant progress has been made in single-talker automatic speech recognition (ASR), there is still a large performance gap between multi-talker and single-talker speech recognition systems. In this article, we propose an enhanced end-to-end monaural multi-talker ASR architecture and training strategy to recognize the overlapped speech. The single-talker end-to-end model is extended to a multi-talker architecture with permutation invariant training (PIT). Several methods are designed to enhance the system performance, including speaker parallel attention, scheduled sampling, curriculum learning and knowledge distillation. More specifically, the speaker parallel attention extends the basic single shared attention module into multiple attention modules for each speaker, which can enhance the tracing and separation ability. Then the scheduled sampling and curriculum learning are proposed to make the model better optimized. Finally the knowledge distillation transfers the knowledge from an original single-speaker model to the current multi-speaker model in the proposed end-to-end multi-talker ASR structure. Our proposed architectures are evaluated and compared on the artificially mixed speech datasets generated from the WSJ0 reading corpus. The experiments demonstrate that our proposed architectures can significantly improve the multi-talker mixed speech recognition. The final system obtains more than 15% relative performance gains in both character error rate (CER) and word error rate (WER) compared to the basic end-to-end multi-talker ASR system.
|ジャーナル||IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Computational Mathematics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering