Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), for use as a hole-transporting layer in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), was synthesized via in-situ polymerization using a gas-phase oxidant. Highly volatile iodine was used as the gas-phase oxidant to fill up a porous TiO2 substrate. The conductivity of PEDOT increased to 0.9 S/cm upon the addition of a base, 4-tert-butylpyridine, to the monomer solution. A solid-state DSSC was fabricated using PEDOT as the hole-transporting layer, which displayed photo-electric conversion.
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