Preliminary results of an in situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) observation of electroless-deposited NiP film as well as that of electrodeposited film were demonstrated. The electroless-deposited film is observed to develop rough features consisting of small grains, suggesting the successive nucleation of the grains and their three-dimensional growth. The electro-deposited film, in contrast, consists of larger grains with smooth features.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)