Incentives and gaming in a nonlinear compensation scheme: Evidence from North American auto dealership transaction data

Hideo Owan*, Tsuyoshi Tsuru, Katsuhito Uehara

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose – Under a discontinuous and nonlinear compensation scheme, which is prevalent among car dealerships, the amount of a salesperson’s expected daily commission depends primarily on his position in the pay schedule on the day he makes a sale. Salespeople thus vary their efforts and adopt a different pricing strategy week by week, or even day by day. The purpose of this paper is to examine the incentive effect of such a nonlinear scheme and provide the evidence that salespeople’s behavior is consistent with the theory. Design/methodology/approach – The authors conduct regression analyses using the transaction data provided by two North American auto dealerships. The authors construct a daily measure of varying incentive intensity and evaluate its impact on the distribution of individual daily sales and the dealership’s gross profit rate. Findings – The authors find that the daily measure of varying incentive intensity has a positive effect on the distribution of individual daily sales and a negative impact on the dealership’s gross profit rate. The results suggest that: salespeople adjust their effort levels in response to the intensity of incentives; and they game the system by lowering the prices when the marginal return to doing so is high. Research limitations/implications – The study shows that there is a high cost associated with the discontinuous nonlinear pay scheme, raising the question of why many auto dealerships use it. Originality/value – This paper sheds light on the undesirable aspects of discontinuous and nonlinear incentive schemes, varied performance and gaming, by quantifying the effects of the worker’s behavior.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)222-243
ページ数22
ジャーナルEvidence-based HRM
3
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015 12月 7
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 組織的行動および人的資源管理

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