Incremental polyphonic audio to score alignment using beat tracking for singer robots

Takuma Otsuka*, Kazumasa Murata, Kazuhiro Nakadai, Toru Takahashi, Kazunori Komatani, Tetsuya Ogata, Hiroshi G. Okuno

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Conference contribution

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We aim at developing a singer robot capable of listening to music with its own "ears" and interacting with a human's musical performance. Such a singer robot requires at least three functions: listening to the music, understanding what position in the music is being performed, and generating a singing voice. In this paper, we focus on the second function, that is, the capability to align an audio signal to its musical score represented symbolically. Issues underlying the score alignment problem are: (1) diversity in the sounds of various musical instruments, (2) difference between the audio signal and the musical score, (3) fluctuation in tempo of the musical performance. Our solutions to these issues are as follows: (1) the design of features based on a chroma vector in the 12-tone model and onset of the sound, (2) defining the rareness for each tone based on the idea that scarcely used tone is salient in the audio signal, and (3) the use of a switching Kalman filter for robust tempo estimation. The experimental result shows that our score alignment method improves the average of cumulative absolute errors in score alignment by 29% using 100 popular music tunes compared to the beat tracking without score alignment.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトル2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009
ページ2289-2296
ページ数8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2009 12 11
外部発表はい
イベント2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009 - St. Louis, MO, United States
継続期間: 2009 10 112009 10 15

出版物シリーズ

名前2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009

Conference

Conference2009 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2009
国/地域United States
CitySt. Louis, MO
Period09/10/1109/10/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 人工知能
  • コンピュータ ビジョンおよびパターン認識
  • 人間とコンピュータの相互作用
  • 制御およびシステム工学

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