A mixed-model assembly line is a type of production line which is used to assemble a variety of product models with a certain level of similarity in operational characteristics. This variety causes workload variance among other problems resulting in low efficiency and line stops. To cope with these problems, a hierarchical design procedure for line balancing and model sequencing is proposed. It is structured in terms of an amelioration procedure. On the basis of our evolutionary algorithm, a genetic encoding procedure entitled priority-based multi-chromosome (PMC) is proposed. It features a multi-functional chromosome and provides efficient representation of task assignment to workstations and model sequencing. The lean production perspective recognises the U-shape assembly line system as more advanced and beneficial compared to the traditional straight line system. To assure the effectiveness of the proposed procedure, both straight and U-shape assembly lines are examined under two major performance criteria, i.e., number of workstations (or line efficiency) as static criterion and variance of workload (line and models) as dynamic criterion. The results of simulation experiments suggest that the proposed procedure is an effective management tool of a mixed-model assembly line system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Management Science and Operations Research
- Strategy and Management