The effect of Ca2+ on the molecular mobility in dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine membranes was studied by steady-state and time-resolved measurements of fluorescence anisotropy. The fluorescence anisotropy decay of 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene in the hydrocarbon region indicated that the free volume of molecular rotation became more restricted when the Ca2+ concentration was increased. The decrease of the molecular mobility was observed from 1 mM Ca2+, at which the number of bound Ca2+ is much less than that of the total lipid molecules. A distinct difference between Ca2+ and Mg2+ effects suggested that the change in various membrane properties was induced by the binding of these ions. From these results we propose a long-range attractive interaction between bound Ca2+ and the polar head groups of distant phosphatidylcholine molecules.
ASJC Scopus subject areas