Establishing a third-market model of international Cournot duopoly where home and foreign firms choose optimal R&D levels under demand uncertainty, this paper re-examines results on R&D subsidies proposed by Spencer and Brander [Review of Economic Studies 50 (1983): 707-722]. It is assumed that R&D subsidies consist of fixed and variable parts, demand uncertainty is of the additive type, and firms are risk averse. It is shown that signs of the effects of a change in a home fixed R&D subsidy are definitely determined, but those of a change in a home variable R&D subsidy are ambiguous, and, as a result, signs of optimal home R&D subsidies are also ambiguous even if the foreign R&D reaction curve is downward-sloping.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Economics/ Zeitschrift fur Nationalokonomie|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Business, Management and Accounting(all)
- Economics and Econometrics