Intonation facilitates contrast resolution: Evidence from Japanese adults and 6-year olds

Kiwako Ito*, Nobuyuki Jincho, Utako Minai, Naoto Yamane, Reiko Mazuka


研究成果: Article査読

44 被引用数 (Scopus)


Two eye-tracking experiments tested how pitch prominence on a prenominal adjective affects contrast resolution in Japanese adult and 6-year old listeners. Participants located two animals in succession on displays with multiple colored animals. In Experiment 1, adults' fixations to the contrastive target (pink cat → GREEN cat) were facilitated by a pitch expansion on the adjective while infelicitous pitch expansion (purple rabbit → ORANGE monkey) led to a garden-path effect, i.e., frequent fixations to the incorrect target (orange rabbit). In 6-year olds, only the facilitation effect surfaced. Hypothesizing that the interval between the two questions may not have given enough time for children to overcome their tendency to perseverate on the first target, Experiment 2 used longer intervals and confirmed a garden-path effect in 6-year olds. These results demonstrate that Japanese 6-year olds can make use of contrast-marking pitch prominence when time allows an establishment of proper discourse representation.

ジャーナルJournal of Memory and Language
出版ステータスPublished - 2012 1月

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 言語および言語学
  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 言語学および言語
  • 人工知能
  • 神経心理学および生理心理学


「Intonation facilitates contrast resolution: Evidence from Japanese adults and 6-year olds」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。