Identification of exact cause of a building fire is generally difficult, because the source and initially ignited objects are often severely damaged or even lost during the early stages of the fire. We made an experimental attempt to reasonably estimate the burning during the very early stages of a fire, and identify its source and causes. The case we studied was an apartment fire, which killed a single elderly person sleeping in the room where the fire started. The fire was extinguished just after flashover, and the on-site investigations suggested the fire started from the TV and TV stand, which had been damaged so severely that it was difficult to conclude that the TV was the ultimate cause of the fire, simply from the on-site investigation. We conducted a series of burn tests using a TV and other products identical to those actually used in the apartment. Tests were set-up and procedures were carefully studied to recreate the conditions of the articles that remained, and of the room itself. The tests demonstrated that the conditions in the apartment could be recreated only when the fire started inside the TV and came into close contact with dresser.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2005 12月 1|
|イベント||9th International Conference on Fire and Materials 2005 - San Francisco, CA, United States|
継続期間: 2005 1月 31 → 2005 2月 1
|Conference||9th International Conference on Fire and Materials 2005|
|City||San Francisco, CA|
|Period||05/1/31 → 05/2/1|
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