Background - Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor peptide. Exercise results in a significant redistribution of tissue blood flow, which greatly increases blood flow in active muscles but decreases it in the splanchnic circulation. We reported that exercise causes an increase of ET-1 production in the internal organ and then hypothesized that ET-1 participates in the exercise-induced redistribution of tissue blood flow. We investigated the effects of acute endothelin-A (ETA)-receptor blockade on regional tissue blood flow during exercise in rats. Methods and Results - Regional blood flow in the kidney, spleen, stomach, intestine, and muscles was measured using the microsphere technique before and during treadmill running of 30 minutes duration at 30 m/min after pretreatment with either an ETA-receptor antagonist (TA-0201; 0.5 mg/kg) or vehicle in rats. Blood flow in the kidney, spleen, stomach, and intestine was decreased by exercise, but the magnitude of the decrease after pretreatment with TA-0201 was significantly smaller than that after pretreatment with vehicle. Furthermore, the increase in blood flow to active muscles induced by exercise was significantly smaller in rats pretreated with TA-0201 than those pretreated with vehicle. Conclusions - The present study revealed that ET-1-mediated vasoconstriction participates in the decrease of blood flow in the internal organs of rats during exercise, and therefore, that these actions of endogenous ET-1 partly contribute to the increase of blood flow in active muscles during exercise. The data suggest that endogenous ET-1 participates in the exercise-induced redistribution of tissue blood flow.
|出版ステータス||Published - 2002 10月 22|
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