Kozupeptins A and B, novel antimalarial lipopeptides, were isolated from the culture broths of Paracamarosporium sp. FKI-7019. They exhibited potent antimalarial activity against chloroquine-sensitive and -resistant Plasmodium falciparum strains in vitro. The structural elucidation was accomplished by a combination of spectroscopic analyses and chemical approaches including a total synthesis of kozupeptin A. Synthetic kozupeptin A demonstrated a therapeutic effect in vivo, and an intermediate exhibited much higher antimalarial activity than kozupeptin A.
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